PARABHAVA SUTTA. Evam me sutam. Ekam sa am Bhagavā. Sāvatthiyam viharati. Jetavane Anāthapindikassa ārāme. Atha kho aññātarā devatā. Translator's note: While the Mangala Sutta deals with the way of life conducive to progress and happiness, the Parabhava Sutta supplements it by pointing out. Thus have I heard: On one occasion the Blessed One was living near Savatthi, at Jetavana, at Anathapindika's monastery. Now when the night was far.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Hindi|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration needed]|
This sutta complements the Mangala sutta as it points out the causes of downfall that blocks his own road to worldly, moral and spiritual progress, and lowers all. The Parabhava Sutta points out the causes of downfall of layman's life. Thus have I . Please see Sigalovada Sutta Download PDF here!. Sutra Starting With Letter, In Word Document, In PDF. A Part-1, doc Aakankheyya Sutta (text to speech) - If the Bhikkhu Desires .. Parabhava Sutta - Downfall.
Standing thus he addressed the Blessed One in verse: [The Deity:] 1. About the declining man we question thee, Gotama. We have come to ask the Blessed One: What is the cause of his downfall? Easily known is the progressive one, easily known is the declining one. The lover of the Dhamma prospers.
The hater of the Dhamma declines. We understand this as explained by thee ; this is the first cause of his downfall. Tell us the second, O Blessed One. What is the cause of his downfall?
The vicious are dear to him. He likes not the virtuous; he approves the teachings of the ill-natured — this is the cause of his downfall.
We understand this as explained by thee; this is the second cause of his downfall. Tell us the third, O Blessed One.
The man who is fond of sleep and company, inactive and lazy, and manifesting anger —this is the cause of his downfall. We understand this as explained by thee; this is the third cause of his downfall. Tell us the fourth, O Blessed One. Whoever being affluent, does not support his mother and father who are old, and past their prime — this is the cause of his downfall.
We understand this as explained by thee; this is the fourth cause of his downfall. Tell us the fifth, O Blessed One. Whoever by falsehood deceives either a brahmana, or a samana a holy man , or any other mendicant — this is the cause of his downfall. We understand this as explained by thee; this is the fifth cause of his downfall.
We must study the teachings embedded in the sutta diligently and put to use our learning in day to day affairs. Only then will Buddhism become a practical way of life. The preaching of the Parabhava Sutta was for the human gods deva , that is, for beings belonging to the deva clan. The sutta beigns with the following question posed to the Enlightened One. Parabhava tammpurisam — mayam puccama gotamam Bhagavamtham puttu magamma — kin parabhava tho mukham The simple meaning of this is: Who in this world is the declining man?
What cause his downfall? To which, the Buddha replies, thus: Suvijano bhavam hoti — suvijano parabhavo Dhamma kamo bhavam hoti — dhamma dessi parabhavo We can differentiate the one who prospers from the one who decline by analyzing their preferences. The lover of Dhamma prospers whereas, the hater of Dhamma declines.
Now we must consider what is meant by Dhamma. If a person is destined to hell woeful states due performance of unwholesome acts, what prevents him from falling into to the hell realm is Dhamma. Therefore, everything that prevents a human from being destined to hell can be considered to be Dhamma.
Not only that, what paves the way for birth in human and higher realms and for attainment of Nibbana is Dhamma. The real progress of a person whether mundane or supramundane is thus, based on Dhamma.
Some state that one cannot progress by just means it is the unjust that achieve progress. Such thinking is fermented by treating wealth as the measure of progress.
The two factors should be at equilibrium and at rest as the plates of a weighing scale. Any person who obstructs or helps to obstruct the performance of moral, righteous, and wholesome deeds, the Buddha states as bound to decline. To begin with, we shall separately identify the vicious from the virtuous. Virtuous are those who teach us the righteous path of Dhamma such as, Buddhas, Pacceka Buddhas, Arahants, and good, caring friends Kalyana mitta. Any one despising the virtuous shall never comprehend the truth or Dhamma.
Hence, associating with the virtuous and replicating their practice is the way to realizing Dhamma. If we strike an 5 allegiance with those who are unjust and unfair, we too shall soon become one of them, fond of the immoral and followers of their doctrine, which will be the cause of our downfall. Do elaborate on the 3rd cause, the Blessed One. Sleep is essential for all creatures. However, there should be a limit to sleep.
Sleep is habit forming and this is the danger of sleeping regularly. Waking up is more important than sleep itself. The mind should awaken with the body in a fully energized mode. Some though awake bodily continue to slumber. Such persons can never be productive or efficient. First and foremost it is the mind that should wake up followed by the body. This is the method to adopt in order to spend a fruitful day.
One indulging in excessive sleep will not progress. To chatter incessantly without a rhyme or reason is a cause for downfall.
Some simply cannot stop talking and engage in frivolous talk that is neither beneficial for this life or after life. At times unnecessary talk can lead to complications resulting in lifelong problems.
We should develop the ability to listen more and talk less. As a result we may be able to learn things not heard of before. Water in a vessel filled to the brim stay motionless whereas water is in motion in a half filled pot.
The ocean is huge, even so the noise it makes proportionate to the size is minute. A human being should be like the ocean, deep in thinking capacity yet silent. Buddha extolled the virtues of silence if not engaged in a Dhamma talk.
Incessant chatter can cause a person to be marginalized by the society and decline. Every human being has some inherent ability and is capable of performing meritorious and wholesome deeds. Lack in effort and endeavour can reduce a person to a failure within the society. The Enlightened One always strived to instill exertion of effort in his disciples and Arunawathi Sutta embedded in Samyutta Nikaya is a good example of this.
Arahatha nikkamatha yunnjatha buddhasasane Dhunatha maccuno senam nalagaranva kunjaro Yo imasmim dhamma vinaye appamaththo vihessati Pahaya jati samsaram dhukkakkandassakarissati ta Initiate! Go forth! Just as a powerful elephant demolishes a house made of reeds destroy the forces of mara cankers. Any disciple acting without procrastination shall terminate birth and samsara and be released of suffering dukka. The above can be likened to a speech made by a Commander-in- Chief to strengthen and ready his forces to battle.
By such preaching, Gotama Buddha strived to instill exertion of effort in his followers.